Working Capital Turnover Ratio: Meaning, Formula, and Example

However, a very high ratio is not desirable as it may signal that the company is operating on low working capital w.r.t revenue from operations. The capital turnover ratio estimates the operating efficiency of a company via its allocation of equity capital. The Capital Turnover is a financial ratio that measures the efficiency at which a company can use its equity funding to generate sales. Not only is it simple to calculate, but it gives a very clear indication of how hard you’re putting your available capital to work to help your business succeed.

However, there are some downsides to the calculation that make the metric sometimes misleading. All components of working capital can be found on a company’s balance sheet, though a company may not have use for all elements of working capital discussed below. For example, a service company that does not carry inventory will simply not factor inventory into its working capital calculation. If future periods for the current accounts are not available, create a section to outline the drivers and assumptions for the main assets. See the information below for common drivers used in calculating specific line items. Finally, use the prepared drivers and assumptions to calculate future values for the line items.

Example of Working Capital Turnover Ratio

Streamlining operations to reduce costs can also lead to more efficient use of working capital. Additionally, regularly reviewing the ratio can help identify trends and prompt timely adjustments in strategy. On the liabilities side, it involves negotiating favorable credit terms with suppliers, ensuring timely payments to avoid interest on overdue payables, and smartly managing short-term debt. Low turnover ratios often signal inefficiency in managing working capital, which could be due to overstocking inventory, poor collection processes, or a lack of sales volume to support the working capital. By having a greater understanding of your working capital turnover, you can make more informed decisions on where to invest and how to properly utilize resources.

  • Test your knowledge of the Working Capital Turnover Ratio by taking the quiz below.
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  • Low – Lower working capital turnover ratio means that the business is not generating sufficient sales relative to the working capital employed.
  • An excessively high turnover ratio can be spotted by comparing the ratio for a particular business to those reported elsewhere in its industry, to see if the business is reporting outlier results.
  • The first is to compare the calculated ratio with the companies own historical records to spot trends.

Working capital turnover is a ratio that quantifies the proportion of net sales to working capital, and it measures how efficiently a business turns its working capital into increased sales revenue. The working capital turnover ratio reveals the connection between money used to finance business operations and the revenues a business produces as a result. The collection ratio provides an idea of the average time required for a company to receive the money it is due from sales to customers. Lower collection ratio values are more favorable, since the timely collection of accounts receivable is critical to ensuring a company always maintains adequate cash flow for operational expenses. An extremely high working capital turnover ratio can indicate that a company does not have enough capital to support its sales growth; collapse of the company may be imminent.

Working Capital Turnover Ratio FAQs

The working capital turnover ratio and the cash turnover ratio serve different purposes. The cash turnover ratio measures how efficiently a company generates sales from its cash on-hand, whereas the working capital turnover ratio considers all current assets and liabilities. It is meant to indicate how capable a company is of meeting its current financial obligations and is a measure of a company’s basic financial solvency. In determining working capital, also known as net working capital, or the working capital ratio, companies rely on the current assets and current liabilities figures found on their financial statements or balance sheets. Working capital is also a measure of a company’s operational efficiency and short-term financial health.

Net Working Capital Formula (NWC)

The company has a claim or right to receive the financial benefit, and calculating working capital poses the hypothetical situation of the company liquidating all items below into cash. Over 1.8 million professionals use CFI to learn accounting, financial analysis, modeling and more. Start with a free account to explore 20+ always-free courses and hundreds of finance templates and cheat sheets. However, when a company’s working capital turnover is significantly higher than its peers, there is a chance that the company does not have enough working capital to support its growth.

Working capital relies heavily on correct accounting practices, especially surrounding internal control and safeguarding of assets. Below is a short video explaining how the operating activities of a business impact the working capital accounts, which are then used to determine a company’s NWC. Populate the schedule with historical data, either by referencing the corresponding data in the balance sheet or by inputting hardcoded data into the net working capital schedule.


Company A’s working capital turnover ratio is 10, which means the company spent that $75,000 ten times to generate its $750,000 in sales. As with most financial ratios, you should compare the working capital turnover ratio to other companies in the same industry and to the same company’s past and planned working capital turnover ratios. There are a number of tools that determine how efficiently a company is managing its working capital, principally by looking at measures of inventory and cash flow. In the corporate finance world, “current” refers to a time period of one year or less.

Working capital turnover ratio definition

The content provided on and accompanying courses is intended for educational and informational purposes only to help business owners understand general accounting issues. The content is not intended as advice for a specific accounting situation or as a substitute for professional advice from a licensed CPA. Accounting practices, tax laws, and regulations vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, so speak with a local accounting professional regarding your business. Reliance on any information provided on this site or courses is solely at your own risk. As an accountant character in one of my favorite (if little known) movies says, “Stop risking your money and start frisking your money!

How to Calculate the Working Capital Turnover Ratio?

Companies can use these insights to strike a balance between liquidity and investment, ensuring both operational efficiency and the potential for expansion. Generally, it is bad if a company’s current liabilities balance exceeds its current asset balance. This means the company does not have enough resources in the short-term to pay off its debts, and it must get creative in finding a way to make sure it can pay its short-term bills when will i get my tax rebate if i used turbo tax online to file my tax return on time. A short-period of negative working capital may not be an issue depending on a company’s place in its business life cycle and if it is able to generate cash quickly to pay off debts. A similar financial metric called the quick ratio measures the ratio of current assets to current liabilities. In addition to using different accounts in its formula, it reports the relationship as a percentage as opposed to a dollar amount.

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